William G. Austin, Ph.D. ACCS dba

Austin Child Custody Services dba

By Appointment, 720 Kipling St., Ste. 200, Lakewood, CO 80215
(970).846.1157 CO license #2021 NC license #929
William G. Austin, Ph.D.
Licensed Psychologist
Evergreen, CO 80437
Email: wgaustinphd2@yahoo.com
Home · Attorney Services · Relocation & Child Custody Evaluation · Domestic Violence · Parental Gatekeeping and Alienation · Evaluation Services

Forensic Methodology · Curriculum Vitae · Work Product Review Service · Service Agreements · Fees for Services · Peer Consultation Services

Equity Theory and Parental Gatekeeping · Recent Workshop Presentations and Reading Lists Colleague Case Consultation - Custody Evaluation

Presentations:
Download the following presentations for Power Point.

Parental Gatekeeping - Revised Model
http://www.child-custody-services.com/pdf/AFCCUT_Gatekeeping_rev.pptx


Reading List

Parental Gatekeeping

Austin, W. G. (2005, February). Considering the Process of Support for the Other Parent and Gatekeeping in Parenting Evaluations. Colorado IDC News: The Newsletter  of the State of Colorado Interdisciplinary Committee, 7(1), 10-13. available at www.child-custody-services.com.

Austin, W. G. (2005). The child and family investigator’s evaluation for the relocation case. In R. M. Smith (Ed.), The role of the child and family investigator and the child’s legal representative in Colorado (pp. C9-1 – C9-28). Denver: Colorado Bar Association. Download from http//:www.child-custody-services.com

Austin, W. G. (2011). Parental gatekeeping in custody disputes. American Journal of Family Law, 25(4), 148-153. available at www.child-custody-services.com.

Austin, W. G. (2018). Parental gatekeeping and child custody evaluation: Part II: Justification analysis: Suggested forensic protocol for protective gatekeeping. available at www.child-custody-services.com.

Austin, W. G. (2018). Parental Gatekeeping and Child Custody Evaluation: Part III: Protective Gatekeeping and the Overnights “Conundrum.” Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 59(5), 429-451. available at www.child-custody-services.com.

Austin, W. G., Fieldstone, L. M., & Pruett, M. K. (2013). Bench book for assessing gatekeeping in parenting disputes: Understanding the dynamics of gate-closing and opening for the best interests of children. Journal of Child Custody: Research, Issues, and Practice, 10(1), 1-16. available at www.child-custody-services.com.

Austin, W. G., Pruett, M. K., Kirkpatrick, H. D., Flens, J. R., & Gould, J. W. (2013). Parental gatekeeping and child custody/child access evaluations: Part I: Conceptual framework, research, and application. Family Court Review, 51(3), 485-501. available at www.child-custody-services.com.

Austin, W. G. & Rappaport, S. (2018). Parental gatekeeping forensic model and child custody evaluation: Part V: Social capital and application to relocation disputes. Journal of Child Custody: Research, Issues, and Practice, 15, 55-75. available at www.child-custody-services.com.

Ganong, L., Coleman, M., & McCalle, G. (2012). Gatekeeping after separation and divorce. In L. Drozd & K. Kuehnle (Eds.), Parenting plan evaluations: Applied research for the family court (pp. (pp. 369-398). Oxford University Press.

Pruett, M. K., Arthur, L. A., & Ebling, R. (2007). The hand that rocks the cradle: Maternal gatekeeping after divorce. Pace Law Review, 27(4), 709-739.

Pruett, M. K., Williams, T. Y., Insabella, G., & Little, T. D. (2003). Family and legal indicators of child adjustment to divorce among families with young children. Journal of Family Psychology, 17, 169-180.

Saini, M., Drozd, L. M., & Olesen, N. W. (2017).  Adapative and maladaptive gatekeeping attitudes and behaviors: Implications for child outcomes following separation and divorce. Family Court Review, 55(2), 260-272.

Equity Theory & Power in Intimate Partner-Family Context (and close relationships)

Adams, J. S., & Freedman, S. (1976). Equity theory revisited: Comments and annotated bibliography. Advances in experimental social psychology, Vol. 9.  New York: Academic Press, pp. 43-61.

Austin, W. G. (1975). Observer's reactions to transrelational justice. Sociometry. 38, 474-496.

Austin, W. G. (1977). Equity theory and social comparison processes. In J. Suls & R. Miller (Eds.), Social Comparison Theory: Theoretical and Empirical Perspectives. Hemisphere, CA, 279-305. available at www.child-custody-services.com.

Austin, W. G. (1979). Justice, freedom and self interest in intergroup relations. In W.G. Austin & S. Worchel (Eds.), The social psychology of inergroup relations.  Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole, 121-143. available at www.child-custody-services.com.

Austin, W. G & Hatfield, E. (1980). Equity theory, power, and social justice. In G. Mikula (Ed.) Gerechtigkeit and soziale interaction.  Ben Switzerland: Huber, 25-68.  Justice and social interaction.  Bern Switzerland: Huber, 25-68.  Justice and social interaction.  New York: Springer-Verlag, 25-68. available at www.child-custody-services.com.

Austin, W. G. & Susmilch, C. (1974). Comment on Lane and Messe's confusing clarification of equity theory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 30, 208-216. available at www.child-custody-services.com.

Austin, W. G. &  Tobiasen, J. (1982). Moral evaluation in intimate relationships (pp. 25-68). In J. Greenberg & R. Cohen (Eds.), Equity and justice in social behavior.  New York. Academic Press.

Austin, W. G., Walster, E., & Utne, M.K. (1976).  Equity and the law:  Effects of a harmdoer's "suffering in the act" on liking and assigned punishment.  In L. Berkowitz & E. Walster (Eds.), Advances in experimental social psychology, Vol. 9.  New York: Academic Press, 163-189. available at www.child-custody-services.com.

Austin, W. G. & Walster, E. (1974). Reactions to confirmations and disconfirmations of expectancies of equity and inequity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 30, 208-216. available at www.child-custody-services.com.

Austin, W. G. & Walster, E. (1974). Participants' reactions to "equity with the world," Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 10, 528-548.

Berscheid, E., Boye, D. & Walster, E. (1968). Retaliation as a means of restoring equity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 10(4), 370-376.

Berscheid, E. & Walster, E. (1967). When does a harmdoer compensate a victim. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,6, 435-441.                                                                                                           

Blood, R. O., & Wolfe, D. M. (1960). Husbands and wives: The dynamics of married life. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.

Falbo, T., & Peplau, L. A. (1980). Power strategies in intimate relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 38(4), 618-628. 

Gunzberger, D. W., Wegner, D. M., & Anooshian, L. (1977). Moral judgment and distributive judgment. Human Development, 20, 160-170.

Homans, G. C. (1976). Commentary. Advances in experimental social psychology, Vol. 9.  New York: Academic Press, 231-244.

Larson, J. H., Hammond, C. H. & Harper, J. H. (1998). Perceived equity and intimacy in marriage. Journal of Marital & Family Therapy, 24(4), 487-506.

Lerner, M. J., & Mikula, G. (Eds.)(1994). Entitlement and the affectional bond: Justice in close relationships. New York: Plenum Press.

Lerner, M. J., Miller, D. T., & Holmes, J. G. (1976). Deserving and the emergence of forms of justice. Advances in experimental social psychology, Vol. 9.  New York: Academic Press, 133-160.

Leventhal, G. S. (1976). The distribution of rewards and resources in groups and organizations. Advances in experimental social psychology, Vol. 9.  New York: Academic Press, pp. 92-129.

Messick, D. M., & Sentis, K. P. (1979). Fairness and preference. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 15, 418-434.

Walster, E., Bercheid, E. & Walster. G. W. (1973). New directions in equity research. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 25(2), 151-176.

Walster, E., & Berkowitz, L. (Eds.) (1974). Advances in experimental social psychology, Vol. 9. New York: Academic Press.

Walster, E., Walster, G. W. & Traupmann, J. (1978). Equity and premarital sex. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 36(1), 82-92.

Exchange Theory and Social Capital; Research fairness in family law context

The General Construct & Analytical Framework

Homans, G. C. (1974). Social behavior: Its elementary forms, rev. ed. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Homans, G. C. (1961). Social behavior: Its elementary forms.  New York: Harcourt Brace & World.

                                   

Altman, S. (1996-97). Should child custody rules be fair? Journal of Family Law, 35, 325-354.

Kashima, Y., Siegal, M., Tanaka, K., & Isaka, H. (1988). Universalism in law conceptions of distributive justice: A cross-cultural examination. International Journal of Psychology, 23, 51-64.

Lin, I.-F. (2000). Perceived fairness and compliance with child support obligations. Journal of Marriage and Family, 62, 388-398.

Lin, I.-F., & McLanahan, S. S. (2001). Norms about nonresident fathers’ obligations and rights. Children and Youth Services Review, 23, 485-512.

Lin, I.-F., & McLanahan (2007). Parental beliefs about nonresidential fathers’ Obligations and Rights. Journal of Marriage and Family, 69 (May), 382-398.

Relocation and Child Custody

Austin, W. G. (2000a).  A forensic psychology model of risk assessment for child custody relocation law.  Family and Conciliation Courts Review, 38, 186-201. 

Austin, W. G. (2000b).  Relocation law and the threshold of harm: Integrating legal and behavioral  perspectives. Family Law Quarterly, 34, 63-82.

Austin, W. G. (2000c). Risk reduction interventions for the child custody relocation case.  Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 33, 65-72.

 Austin, W. G. (2005). The child and family investigator’s evaluation for the relocation case. In R. M. Smith (Ed.), The role of the child and family investigator and the child’s legal representative in Colorado (pp. C9-1 – C9-28). Denver: Colorado Bar Association. Download from http//:www.child-custody-services.com

Austin, W. G. (2008a). Relocation, research, and forensic evaluation: Part I: Effects of residential mobility on children of divorce. Family Court Review, 46(1), 136-149.

Austin, W. G. (2008b). Relocation, research, and forensic evaluation: Part II: Research support for the relocation risk assessment model. Family Court Review, 46(2), 347-365.

Austin, W. G. (2010). Relocation and forensic mental health evaluation in Colorado: Issues involving very young children. In R. M. Smith (Ed.), The role of the child and family investigator and the child’s legal representative in Colorado. Denver: Colorado Bar Association (pp. C1 – C23). Denver: Colorado Bar Association. Available at www.child-custody-services.com.

Austin, W. G. (2012).  Relocation, research, and child custody disputes. In K. Kuehnle &  L. Drozd (Eds.), Parenting plan evaluations: Applied research for the family court (pp. 540-559).  New York: Oxford University Press.

Austin, W. G. (2015a). Child custody evaluation and relocation: Part I of III: Forensic guideposts for the evaluator and court. American Journal of Family Law, 29, 156-170. Download from www.child-custody-services.com

Austin, W. G. (2015b). Child custody evaluation and relocation: Part II of III: Options for a systematic approach to forensic evaluation. American Journal of Family Law, 29, 207-223. Download from www.child-custody-services.com

Austin, W. G. (2016). Child custody evaluation and relocation: Part III of III: Forensic consultation services for the relocation case and eleven common errors made by evaluators. American Journal of Family Law, 30(1), 32-45.

Austin, W. G., Fieldstone, L. M., & Pruett, M. K. (2012). Brief Guide to Parental Gatekeeping from the Bench: Understanding Gate Closing and Opening for Best Interests of the Children. Florida Office of State Court Administration and 11th Judicial Circuit (Miami-Dade County).

Austin, W. G. (2016). Comment on Parkinson and Cashmore’s (2015) research and proposal for reforming child custody relocation law: Child custody evaluator and psychological perspective. Family Court Review, 54(2), 620-631.

Austin, W. G., & Gould, J. W. (2006). Exploring three Functions in Child Custody Evaluation for the Relocation Case: Prediction, Investigation, and Making Recommendations for a Long-Distance Parenting Plan. Journal of Child Custody: Research, Issues, and Practices, 3(3/4), 65-110.

Austin, W.G. & Rapport, S. (2018). Parental gatekeeping forensic model and child custody evaluation: Part V: Social capital and application to relocation disputes. Journal of Child Custody: Research, Issues, and Practice, 15, 55-75.

Kelly, J. B., & Lamb, M. E. (2003). Developmental issues in relocation cases involving young children: When, whether, and how? Journal of Family Psychology, 17, 193-205.

Parkinson, P., & Cashmore, J. (2015). Reforming relocation law: An evidence-based approach. Family Court Review, 53(1), 23-39.

Parkinson, P., Cashmore, J., & Single, J. (2010). The need for reality testing in relocation cases. Family Law Quarterly, 44(1), 1-34.

Parkinson, P, Cashmore, J.,Taylor, N., Austin, W. G. (2016). Relocation, research, and child custody disputes. In. L. Drozd & M. Saini (Eds.), Parenting plan evaluations: Applied research for the family court, sec. ed. (pp. 431-459).  New York: Oxford University Press.

Redher, K., & Austin, W. G. (2013). Solomon’s choice: Evaluators discuss relocation in cases of joint and equal time share. California Family Law News, 4, 28-30.http://familylaw.calbar.ca.gov/Publications/FamilyLawNews.aspx

Saini, M., Allan-Ebron, D., & Barnes, J. (2015). A critical review of relocation research specific to separation and divorce. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 56, 388-408

Shear, L. A. (1996). Life stories, doctrines, and decision making: Three high courts confront the move-away dilemma. Family and Conciliation Courts Review, 34, 439-458.

Stahl, P. M. (2006). Avoiding bias in relocation cases. Journal of Child Custody, 3, 111-126.

Stahl, P. M. (2013). Emerging issues in relocation cases. Journal of American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers, 25, 425-451.

Stone, N. M. & Shear, L. E. (1988). The boundaries of mental health expertise in dependency and family law: A proposal for standards of practice. Conciliation Stahl, P. M. (2006).

Warshak, R. A. (2013). In a land far, far away: Assessing children’s best interests in international relocation cases. Journal of Child Custody, 10, 295-324.

Joint Parental Involvement Theory & Research

Amato, P. R. (2010). Research on divorce: Continuing trends and new developments. Journal of Marriage and Family, 72, 650-666. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2010.00723.x [most children of divorce show adequate long-term adjustment]

Amato, P. R., & Gilbreth, J. G. (1999). Nonresident fathers and children’s well-being: A meta-analysis. Journal of Marriage and Family, 61, 557-573. doi: 10.2307/353560

Amato. P. R., Kane, J. B., & James, S. (2011). Reconsidering the “good divorce.” Family Relations, 60, 511-524. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3729.2011.00666.x [patterns of co-parenting]

Amato, P. R., & Keith, B. (1991). Parental divorce and the well-being of children: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 110, 26-47.

Amato, P.R., & Sobolewski, J.M. (2001). The effects of divorce and marital discord on

adult children’s psychological well being. American Sociological Review, 66, 900-921.

Amato, P. R., & Sobolewski, J. M. (2004). The effects of divorce on fathers and children. In M. E. Lamb (Ed.), The role of the father in child development (pp. 341-367). New York: Wiley.

Flouri, E. (2005). Fathering & child outcomes. West Sussex, England: John Wiley.

Lamb, M. E. (2010) (Ed.). The role of the father in child development, 5th ed. Hoboden, NJ: Wiley.

Lamb, M. E. (2012). Critical analysis of research on parenting plans and children’s well-being. In L. Drozd, M. Saini & N. Olesen (Eds.), Parenting plan evaluations: Applied research for the family court, sec ed.  (pp. 214-243).  New York: Oxford University Press.

McLanahan, S., & Sandefur, G. (1994). Growing up with a single parent: What hurts, what helps. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Nielsen, L. (2013a). Shared residential custody: A recent research review (part one). American Journal of Family Law, 27, 61–72.

Nielsen, L. (2013b). Shared residential custody: A recent research review (part two). American Journal of Family Law, 27, 123–137.

Warshak, R. A., with the endorsement of the researchers and practitioners listed in the Appendix. (2014). Social science and parenting plans for young children: A consensus report. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 20, 46–67.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/law0000005

Home · Attorney Services · Relocation & Child Custody Evaluation · Domestic Violence · Parental Gatekeeping and Alienation · Evaluation Services

Forensic Methodology · Curriculum Vitae · Work Product Review Service · Service Agreements · Fees for Services · Peer Consultation Services

Equity Theory and Parental Gatekeeping · Recent Workshop Presentations and Reading Lists Colleague Case Consultation - Custody Evaluation